Design and Fabrication Of Cylindrical Tapping Machine

Design and Fabrication Of Cylindrical Tapping Machine 

 The aim of our project is to design and fabricate a pneumatically operated tapping machine. This device is operated by compressed air. It consists of the following main parts.
1. Barrel
2. Shaft
3. bearing
4. Couplings, etc
 A high pressure compressed air is forced on a fan and the fan is made to rotate. This rotation is transmitted to the machining head by a shaft and the required operation (tapping) is carried out. So this pneumatically operated cylindrical tapping machine device is used for various operations with a less amount of investment.


The project work subject is one, in which actually we are leaning the theoretical concepts in practical way. Also the practical experience is one of the aims of this subject. For a developing industry these operating performed and the parts or components produced should have its minimum possible production cost, then only the industry runs profitably. There are a number of units having used in industries for various purposes.


Cylindrical Tapping Machine 
Cylindrical Tapping Machine

The cylindrical tapping machine device is an air operated device used for many small operations. It is a portable one. Compressed air is the source of energy for this device. The compressed air is allowed through the nozzle in such a way to rotate to fan. The rotation obtained is utilized for machining. The nozzles are welded to the barrel at an angle to facilitate free rotation. The rpm and torque of the shaft depends upon the pressure of the air admitted so by varying the pressure the rpm and torque can be varied. The parts are interred connected by thick tubes. Clamps are used at the connecting parts to prevent leakage. In threaded parts thread seals are used to prevent leakage. Here the compressed air from the compressor firstly enters the control unit. In the control unit the pressure of the air is controlled and sent to the barrel to rotate the fan in any one direction.


This cylindrical tapping machine has a numerous applications in various fields. In industries, this is used in assembly section. The required pressure is set and the operation is carried out. In automobile shops various operations are required frequently. Drilling, boring, reaming, grinding etc. It is also used as a screw driver for tightening and loosening nuts and bolts. It is used.
1. In automobile workshops
2. In small scale industries
3. In such places where frequent changes in operations are required
4. In welding shops for grinding.
5. For performing operations in huge parts which can not be done in ordinary machines, since it is portable.


The pneumatically operated multi purpose device has many advantages. They are as follows:
  1. Low cost, so it can be used in small scale industries. 
  2. Higher rate and quicker operations
  3. A number of operations like (drilling), screw driving, reaming etc., can be done.
  4. The nuts and bolts can be tightened to a particular pressure by operating the gate valve placed in the control unit and the pressure gauge.
  5. Both loosening and tightening is possible. Since there is air flow in both directions.
  6. The weight of the unit is less and can be easily handled.
  7. Efficient operation. Since if does not require any electricity for running.


  • While working, the compressed air produces noise therefore a silencer may be used.
  • High torque can not be obtained.
  • Load carrying capacity of this unit is not very high.

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Sachin Thorat

Sachin is a B-TECH graduate in Mechanical Engineering from a reputed Engineering college. Currently, he is working in the sheet metal industry as a designer. Additionally, he has interested in Product Design, Animation, and Project design. He also likes to write articles related to the mechanical engineering field and tries to motivate other mechanical engineering students by his innovative project ideas, design, models and videos.

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