Design & Fabrication of Automatic Tyre Inflation System-Mechanical Project

Design and Fabrication of Automatic Tyre Inflation System-Mechanical Project

Abstract : 

Driven by studies that show that a drop in tyre pressure by just a few PSI can result in the reduction of gas mileage, tire life, safety, and vehicle performance, we have developed an automatic, self-inflating tire system that ensures that tyres are properly inflated at all times.  Our design proposes and successfully implements the use of a portable compressor that will supply air to all four tyres via hoses and a rotary joint fixed between the wheel spindle and wheel hub at each wheel. The rotary joints effectively allow air to be channelled to the tyres  without the tangling of hoses. With the recent oil price hikes and growing concern of environmental issues, this system addresses a potential improvement in gas mileage; tyre wear reduction; and an increase in handling and tyre performance in diverse conditions.

tyre inflation system model mechanical project
tyre inflation system model mechanical project

The most important factors in tire care are:

  • Proper Inflation Pressure
  • Proper Vehicle Loading
  • Proper Tire Wear
  • Regular Inspection
  • Good Driving Habits
  • Vehicle Condition

Introduction To Tyre Inflation System:



12V Car Electric Air Compressor Tyre Pump – Tyre Inflator also for Bikes, Cycles, Boats, Inflatable Toys 100% Brand New 12V Air Compressor/Tyre Infiltrator Simply use this for fast & easy inflation of car tires” No strength required for pumping air as it is all electronic & is powered directly from your car battery Perfect for   anyone who wants a ease while inflating a tyre Time saving as compared to mechanical pump .Quick operation, very Compact and easy to store in car dickey SUITABLE For:-  Auto tyres, Car/ bike tyres, rubber rafts balls Inflates car tyres, bicycle tyres, rafts and sports equipment such as Basketball, Soccer fast and      easily.  Also inflates boats, pools, air bed, balloon, etc.
2/2 air solenoid valves are direct acting solenoid valves and do not require a minimum operating differential pressure. As shown below when the coil is energized (right diagram), it lifts the solenoid plunger, which normally rests on the valve seat and lifts it to open the main valve orifice. When the coil is de-energized (right diagram), the spring force the plunger return to the valve seat to close the valve orifice. 
A pressure sensor measures pressure, typically of gases or liquids. Pressure is an expression of the force required to stop a fluid from expanding, and is usually stated in terms of force per unit area. A pressure sensor usually acts as a transducer; it generates a signal as a function of the pressure imposed. For the purposes of this article, such a signal is electrical.
Pressure sensors are used for control and monitoring in thousands of everyday applications. Pressure sensors can also be used to indirectly measure other variables such as fluid/gas flow, speed, water level, and altitude. Pressure sensors can alternatively be called pressure transducers, pressure transmitters, pressure senders, pressure indicators and piezometers, manometers, among other names.
Pressure sensors can vary drastically in technology, design, performance, application suitability and cost. A conservative estimate would be that there may be over 50 technologies and at least 300 companies making pressure sensors worldwide.
We are designing this device for common passenger vehicles, and the main challenge is the presence of the axle shaft that runs straight into the centre of the wheel forcing us to find an alternative method of routing the air. Our proposed solution to this challenge is to place rotary joint that has one half spinning with the drive axle hub and the other half stationary with the spindle. Within this rotary joint will be an air chamber that will allow air to pass from the stationary half of the joint into the half that is rotating.
A pressure switch is a form of switch that makes electrical contact when a certain set pressure has been reached on its input. This is used to provide on/off switching from a pneumatic or hydraulic source. The switch may be designed to make contact either on pressure rise or on pressure fall
An automotive battery is a type of rechargeable battery that supplies electric energy to an automobile. Usually this refers to an SLI battery (starting, lighting, ignition) to power the starter motor, the lights, and the ignition system of a vehicle’s engine.

Working Model Assembly:

Design and Fabrication of Automatic Tyre Inflation System
Design and Fabrication of Automatic Tyre Inflation System

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Sachin Thorat

Sachin is a B-TECH graduate in Mechanical Engineering from a reputed Engineering college. Currently, he is working in the sheet metal industry as a designer. Additionally, he has interested in Product Design, Animation, and Project design. He also likes to write articles related to the mechanical engineering field and tries to motivate other mechanical engineering students by his innovative project ideas, design, models and videos.

14 thoughts on “Design & Fabrication of Automatic Tyre Inflation System-Mechanical Project

    1. @manish ghoshal sir how would we supply air from compressor to the tire when the tire is running ? Because if the vehicle is running then the hollow tubes or axle will also rotate.

  1. Visit This Page Contact details of dealer( Hitesh) is Given .You Can Directly contact to him via call or whatsapp.

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