Floor Cleaning Machine Report pdf Free Download

Floor Cleaning Machine Report pdf Free Download

INTRODUCTION

Floor cleaner is very much useful in cleaning floors in hospitals, houses, auditorium, shops, computer centers etc; it is very simple in construction and easy to operate. Anybody can operate this machine easily. It consist of moisture cotton brush, the brush cleans the floor and dried with aid of small blower. Hence it is very useful in hospitals, houses, etc. The time taken for cleaning is very less and the cost is also very less. Maintenance cost is less. Much type of machines is widely used for this purpose. But they are working under different principles and the cost is also very high.
Good well-maintained entrance matting can dramatically reduce the need for cleaning. For public and office buildings about 80 to 90% of the dirt is tracked in from outside. Installing a total of 15 feet of matting consisting of both indoor and outdoor sections will remove about 80% of this. Thus about two-thirds of the dirt can be removed at the entrance.

Reasons for cleaning floors

  • The principal reasons for floor cleaning are:
  • To prevent injuries due to tripping or slipping. Injuries due to slips and trips on level floors are a major cause of accidental injury or death. Bad practice in floor cleaning is itself a major cause of accidents.
  • To beautify the floor.
  • To remove stains, dirt, litter and obstructions.
  • To remove grit and sand which scratch and wear down the surface.
  • To remove allergens, in particular dust.
  • To prevent wear to the surface (e.g. by using a floor wax or protective sealant).
  • To make the environment sanitary (e.g. in kitchens).
  • To maintain an optimum traction (e.g. for dance floors).

Methods of floor cleaning

The treatment needed for different types of floors is very different. For safety it is most important to ensure the floor is not left even slightly wet after cleaning or mopping up.
Sawdust is used on some floors to absorb any liquids that fall rather than trying to prevent them being spilt. The sawdust is swept up and replaced each day. This was common in the past in pubs and is still used in some butchers and fishmongers.
It used to be common to use tea leaves to collect dirt from carpets and remove odours. Nowadays it is sill quite common to use diatomaceous earth, or in fact any cat litter type material, to remove infestations from floors.
There are also a wide variety of floor cleaning machines available today such as floor buffers, automatic floor scrubbers and sweepers, and carpet extractors that can deep clean almost any type of hard floor or carpeted flooring surface in much less time than it would take using a traditional cleaning method.

FLOOR CLEANING MACHINES – TYPES AND USES

There are many various types of cleaning machines or equipment on the market today for both commercial and residential use. This is a brief overview of the type, power sources and uses for floor cleaning equipment. For effective cleaning results of any floor or surface, there are four basic and simple principles to follow.
1. Time
2. Agitation
3. Chemical
4. Temperature
Using these four simple principles will allow anyone to end up with good cleaning results. Relative to this topic – floor cleaning machines, we will be discussing the second principle; agitation. Most floor cleaning machines and equipment are designed to provide the agitation needed to perform the cleaning procedure. Prior to machines, agitation was accomplished with elbow grease. However, manual agitation is burdensome to the person cleaning and increases labor.

COMPONENTS REQUIRED

1. A.C Motor
2. Pulley
3. Brushes
4. Belt
5. Cleaning liquid
6. Water
7. Battery

floor cleaning machine
floor cleaning machine

COMPONENTS DESCRIPTION

PULLEY

A pulley is a wheel on an axle that is designed to support movement and change of direction of a cable or belt along its circumference. Pulleys are used in a variety of ways to lift loads, apply forces, and to transmit power. In nautical contexts, the assembly of wheel, axle, and supporting shell is referred to as a “block.”
A pulley is also called a sheave or drum and may have a groove between two flanges around its circumference. The drive element of a pulley system can be a rope, cable, belt, or chain that runs over the pulley inside the groove.

A.C. MOTOR

An electric motor is used for the conversion of electrical energy into mechanical energy. This conversion of electrical power to mechanical energy takes place in the rotating part of the motor. A D.C. Motor is called as Conduction motor, but an A.C. Motor is called as Induction Motor.

BATTERY

Battery is a device consisting of one or more electrochemical cells that convert stored chemical energy into electrical energy. Since the invention of the first battery (or “voltaic pile”) in 1800 by Alessandro Volta and especially since the technically improved Daniel cell in 1836, batteries have become a common power source for many household and industrial applications.
The Lead Acid battery is made up of plates, lead, and lead oxide (various other elements are used to change density, hardness, porosity, etc.) with a 35% sulfuric acid and 65% water solution. This solution is called electrolyte, which causes a chemical reaction that produce electrons.


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Sachin Thorat

Sachin is a B-TECH graduate in Mechanical Engineering from a reputed Engineering college. Currently, he is working in the sheet metal industry as a designer. Additionally, he has interested in Product Design, Animation, and Project design. He also likes to write articles related to the mechanical engineering field and tries to motivate other mechanical engineering students by his innovative project ideas, design, models and videos.

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