What is Span of Control | Types Of Span of Control

What is Span of Control | Types Of Span of Control

SPAN OF CONTROL
Span of Control means the number of subordinates that can be managed efficiently and effectively by a superior in an organization. It suggests how the relations are designed between a superior and a subordinate in an organization.

Factors Affecting Span of control:

a) Capacity of Superior:
Different ability and capacity of leadership, communication affect management of subordinates.

b) Capacity of Subordinates:
Efficient and trained subordinates affects the degree of span of management.

c) Nature of Work:
Different types of work require different patterns of management.

d) Degree of Centralization or Decentralization:
Degree of centralization or decentralization affects the span of management by affecting the degree of involvement of the superior in decision making.

e) Degree of Planning:
Plans which can provide rules, procedures in doing the work higher would be the degree of span of management.

f) Communication Techniques:
Pattern of communication, its means, and media affect the time requirement in managing subordinates and consequently span of management.

g) Use of Staff Assistance:
Use of Staff assistance in reducing the work load of managers enables them to manage more number of subordinates.

h) Supervision of others:
If subordinate receives supervision form several other personnel besides his direct supervisor. In such a case, the work load of direct superior is reduced and he can supervise more number of persons.

Span of control is of two types:

1. Narrow span of control:

Narrow Span of control means a single manager or supervisor oversees few subordinates. This gives rise to a tall organizational structure.

types of span of control
types of span of control

Advantages:
• Close supervision
• Close control of subordinates
• Fast communication

Disadvantages:
• Too much control
• Many levels of management
• High costs
• Excessive distance between lowest level and highest level

2. Wide span of control:

Wide span of control means a single manager or supervisor oversees a large number of subordinates. This gives rise to a flat organizational structure.

Advantages:
• More Delegation of Authority
• Development of Managers
• Clear policies

Disadvantages:
• Overloaded supervisors
• Danger of superiors loss of control
• Requirement of highly trained managerial personnel
• Block in decision making

Sachin Thorat

Sachin is a B-TECH graduate in Mechanical Engineering from a reputed Engineering college. Currently, he is working in the sheet metal industry as a designer. Additionally, he has interested in Product Design, Animation, and Project design. He also likes to write articles related to the mechanical engineering field and tries to motivate other mechanical engineering students by his innovative project ideas, design, models and videos.

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