Types of Cylindrical grinding machine with Diagram Explained
This machine is used to produce external cylindrical surface. The surfaces may be straight, tapered, steps or profiled. Broadly there are three different types of cylindrical grinding machine as follows:
1. Plain centre type cylindrical grinder
2. Universal cylindrical surface grinder
3. Centreless cylindrical surface grinder
Read more : Types of Grinding Machines – LearnMech
Plain centre type cylindrical grinder
Figure 29.8 illustrates schematically this machine and various motions required for grinding action. The machine is similar to a centre lathe in many respects. The workpiece is held between head stock and tailstock centres. A disc type grinding wheel performs the grinding action with its peripheral surface. Both traverse and plunge grinding can be carried out in this machine as shown in Fig.29.9.
Universal cylindrical surface grinder
Universal cylindrical grinder is similar to a plain cylindrical one except that it is more versatile. In addition to small worktable swivel, this machine provides large swivel of head stock, wheel head slide and wheel head mount on the wheel head slide.
External centreless grinder
This grinding machine is a production machine in which out side diameter of the workpiece is ground. The workpiece is not held between centres but by a work support blade. It is rotated by means of a regulating wheel and ground by the grinding wheel.
In through-feed centreless grinding, the regulating wheel revolving at a much lower surface speed than grinding wheel controls the rotation and longitudinal motion of the workpiece. The regulating wheel is kept slightly inclined to the axis of the grinding wheel and the workpiece is fed longitudinally as shown in Fig. 29.14.
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