Types Of Surface Grinding machine with Diagram Explained
Surface grinding machine:
This machine may be similar to a milling machine used mainly to grind flat surface. However, some types of surface grinders are also capable of producing contour surface with formed grinding wheel.
Basically there are four different types of surface grinding machines characterised by the movement of their tables and the orientation of grinding wheel spindles as follows:
• Horizontal spindle and reciprocating table
• Vertical spindle and reciprocating table
• Horizontal spindle and rotary table
• Vertical spindle and rotary table
Read also : Types of Grinding Machines – LearnMech
Horizontal spindle reciprocating table grinder
Figure illustrates this machine with various motions required for grinding action. A disc type grinding wheel performs the grinding action with its peripheral surface. Both traverse and plunge grinding can be carried out in this machine as shown in Fig.
Vertical spindle reciprocating table grinder
This grinding machine with all working motions is shown in Fig. 29.3. The grinding operation is similar to that of face milling on a vertical milling machine. In this machine a cup shaped wheel grinds the workpiece over its full width using end face of the wheel as shown in Fig. 29.4. This brings more grits in action at the same time and consequently a higher material removal rate may be attained than for grinding with a peripheral wheel.
Horizontal spindle rotary table grinder
Surface grinding in this machine is shown in Fig.29.5. In principle the operation is same as that for facing on the lathe. This machine has a limitation in accommodation of workpiece and therefore does not have wide spread use. However, by swivelling the worktable, concave or convex or tapered surface can be produced on individual part as illustrated in Fig. 29.6
Vertical spindle rotary table grinder
The principle of grinding in this machine is shown in Fig. 29.7. The machine is mostly suitable for small workpieces in large quantities. This primarily production type machine often uses two or more grinding heads thus enabling both roughing and finishing in one rotation of the work table.
Creep feed grinding machine:
This machine enables single pass grinding of a surface with a larger downfeed but slower table speed than that adopted for multi-pass conventional surface grinding. This machine is characterised by high stiffness, high spindle power, recirculating ball screw drive for table movement and adequate supply of grinding fluid. A further development in this field is the creep feed grinding centre which carries more than one wheel with provision of automatic wheel changing. A number of operations can be performed on the workpiece. It is implied that such machines, in the view of their size and complexity, are automated through CNC.
High efficiency deep grinding machine:
The concept of single pass deep grinding at a table speed much higher than what is possible in a creep feed grinder has been technically realized in this machine. This has been made possible mainly through significant increase of wheel speed in this new generation grinding machine.
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