Specification of machine tools – Drilling , Lathe , Shaper , Milling

A machine tool may have a large number of various features and characteristics. But only some specific salient features are used for specifying a machine tool. All the manufacturers, traders and users must know how machine tools are specified.

Read More : Specification of Machine Tools -Lathe, Milling, Drilling, Shaping

Specification of drilling machine
Specification of drilling machine

The methods of specification of some basic machine tools are as follows:

Centre lathe Machine Specification:

  • Maximum diameter and length of the jobs that can be accommodated.
  • Power of the main drive (motor).
  • Range of spindle speeds and range of feeds.
  • Space occupied by the machine.

Shaper machine Specification :

  • Length, breadth and depth of the bed.
  • Maximum axial travel of the bed and vertical travel of the bed / tool.
  • Maximum length of the stroke (of the ram / tool).
  • Range of number of strokes per minute.
  • Range of table feed.
  • Power of the main drive.
  • Space occupied by the machine.

Drilling machine (column type) Specification :

  • Maximum drill size (diameter) that can be used.
  • Size and taper of the hole in the spindle.
  • Range of spindle speeds.
  • Range of feeds.
  • Power of the main drive.
  • Range of the axial travel of the spindle / bed.
  • Floor space occupied by the machine.

Milling machine (knee type and with arbor) Specification :

  • Type; ordinary or swiveling bed type.
  • Size of the work table.
  • Range of travels of the table in X – Y – Z directions.
  • Arbor size (diameter).
  • Power of the main drive.
  • Range of spindle speed.
  • Range of table feeds in X – Y – Z directions.
  • Floor space occupied.
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