Job Production | Types Of Production System
The various different activities carried out mainly focuses on the production and planning functions. There must be proper planning for any Product to be accomplished and also a control must be exerted on these activities, so that effective work can be carried out, maximum utilization of resources must take place such that there is no wastage during production. The products undertaken must fulfill the requirements of the company. It must also have a higher scope for further development which would control the functioning of company effectively
Read More : Types of production systems
What is Job Production :
Under this method peculiar, special or non-standardized products are produced in accordance with the orders received from the customers. As each product is non- standardized varying in size and nature, it requires separate job for production. The machines and equipment’s are adjusted in such a manner so as to suit the requirements of a particular job.
Job production involves intermittent process as the work is carried as and when the order is received. It consists of bringing together of material, parts and components in order to assemble and commission a single piece of equipment or product.
Ship building, dam construction, bridge building, book printing are some of the examples of job production. Third method of plant layout viz., Stationery Material Layout is suitable for job production.
Characteristics of Job Production :
- A large number of general purpose machines are required.
- A large number of workers conversant with different jobs will have to be employed.
- There can be some variations in production.
- Some flexibility in financing is required because of variations in work load.
- A large inventory of materials, parts and tools will be required.
- The machines and equipment setting will have to be adjusted and readjusted to the manufacturing requirements. 7.The movement of materials through the process is intermittent.
Advantages of job production include:
- can provide emergency parts or services, such as quickly making a machine part that would take a long time to acquire otherwise
- can provide parts or services for machinery or systems that are otherwise not available, as when the original supplier no longer
- supports the product or goes out of business (orphaned)
- work is generally of a high quality
- a high level of customization is possible to meet the customer’s exact requirements
- significant flexibility is possible, especially when compared to mass production
- workers can be easily motivated due to the skilled nature of the work they are performing
Limitations of Job Production :
- The economies of large scale production may not be attained because production is done in short-runs.
- The demand is irregular for some products.
- The use of labour and equipment may be an inefficient.
- The scientific assessment of costs is difficult.
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