Design and Fabrication Of Small Scale Sugarcane Harvesting Machine
Sugarcane Harvesting Machine Project
In today’s competitive world there is a need for faster rate of production of agricultural products. Agriculture is the backbone of India. In India almost all farmers facing problems of labour shortage. Day by day labour wages are increasing and in the same way demand of agriculture products are also increasing and today’s world need faster rate of production of agriculture products. This project aims to design and fabricate small scale sugarcane harvesting machine for sugarcane harvesting to reduce farmer’s effort and to increase production of agricultural products. Machine consists of petrol engine and different mechanisms are used in this machine. When compare to manual harvesting by using this machine has a capacity to cut canes in faster rate and it is economical. The machine is helpful for both whom having small or big farms.
In India agriculture has facing serious challenges like scarcity of agricultural labour, not only in peak working seasons but also in normal time. This is mainly for increased nonfarm job opportunities having higher wage, migration of labour force to cities and low status of agricultural labours in the society. Sugarcane is the world’s largest crop 2010 Food Agricultural Organization (FAO) estimates it was cultivated on about 23.8 million hectares in more than 90 countries, with a worldwide harvest of 1.69 billion tons. Brazil was the largest producer of sugarcane in the world and India in second position. Harvesting is a process of cutting and gathering of mature crop from the field. Harvester is a machine is used for harvesting. Different types of harvesting machines are available in the market namely paddy harvester, Tea harvester, Potato harvester, Wheat harvester and sugarcane harvester as mentioned above all are available in small scale except sugarcane harvesting machine. Sugarcane harvesting is an agricultural machinery use to harvest and process. sugarcane. Sugarcane is harvested by hand and mechanically.
Disadvantages of manual harvesting are:
• Harvesting time will be more
• Efficient work is not done
• The cost will be more
• Shortage of labour
Advantages of machine harvesting are:
• Harvesting time will be less
• Efficient work is done by using machine harvester
• Limited number of labours are required
• Cost of harvesting is comparably less as manual harvesting.
Sachin is a B-TECH graduate in Mechanical Engineering from a reputed Engineering college. Currently, he is working in the sheet metal industry as a designer. Additionally, he has interested in Product Design, Animation, and Project design. He also likes to write articles related to the mechanical engineering field and tries to motivate other mechanical engineering students by his innovative project ideas, design, models and videos.