Design Consideration in Forging Components – Basic Machine Design
It is the process of heating a metal to a desired temperature in order to acquire sufficient plasticity, followed by operations like hammering, bending and pressing, etc. to give it a desired shape.
The various forging processes are :
1. Smith forging or hand forging
2. Power forging,
3. Machine forging or upset forging, and
4. Drop forging or stamping
The smith or hand forging is done by means of hand tools and it is usually employed for small jobs. When the forging is done by means of power hammers, it is then known as power forging. It is used for medium size and large articles requiring very heavy blows. The machine forging is done by means of forging machines. The drop forging is carried out with the help of drop hammers and is particularly suitable for mass production of identical parts.
The forging process has the following advantages :
1. It refines the structure of the metal.
2. It renders the metal stronger by setting the direction of grains.
3. It effects considerable saving in time, labour and material as compared to the production
of a similar item by cutting from a solid stock and then shaping it.
4. The reasonable degree of accuracy may be obtained by forging.
Sachin is a B-TECH graduate in Mechanical Engineering from a reputed Engineering college. Currently, he is working in the sheet metal industry as a designer. Additionally, he has interested in Product Design, Animation, and Project design. He also likes to write articles related to the mechanical engineering field and tries to motivate other mechanical engineering students by his innovative project ideas, design, models and videos.