Some Dimensioning Techniques Used in Machine drawing

A drawing of a component, in addition to providing complete shape description, must also furnish information regarding the size description. These are provided through the distances between the surfaces, location of holes, nature of surface finish, type of material, etc. The expression of these features on a drawing, using lines, symbols, figures and notes is called dimensioning.

1. No dimension should be assumed, calculated or directly measured from drawing.

2. Dimensions should be placed outside the views, if unavoidable, they may be placed inside if more clear and easy to read.
General Dimension technique,

3. No Dimensions should be repeated.
no diemsion should repeated

4. In orthographic views, dimensions should be given logically .Dimensions should be distributes in three views logically and equally in all views.

5. Dimensions lines should be placed at least 8 mm, away from outlines and from each other.

8 mm apart 

6. The dimensions lines should not cross each other.

7. If there are number of dimensions, the smaller one should be nearer to the view, as shown in fig.

dimension method

8. For a numbers of dimensions, they should be given in a progressive manner i.e. in increasing order as given in fig.

9. When a number parallel dimension lines are to be drawn, they are shown staggered as shown in fig.

parallel dimension method 

10. Arrowheads should ordinarily be drawn within the limits of dimensioned features. But when the space is too narrow, they may be placed outside as shown in fig.

Another Dimensioning method

11. Dimensions of cylindrical parts should as far as possible in the views in which they are seen as rectangles .The dimensions indicating a diameter should be followed by a symbol as shown in below fig.
dimension of circle
12. When there are of small holes, their diameters should be given by a notes as shown in figure

Dimension method for more number of holes with same diameter
13. Angular dimensions may be shown by one of the method shown.
angle dimensioning
14. Countersunk and threading are shown as below.

counter sunk and threading Dimension
15. Symbols for methods of projection must be shown on drawings.

First angle and third angle method


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