Seminar on Agricultural Robots Report Pdf Free Download
Introduction to Agricultural Robotics Seminar Topic:
This paper discussed about the usage of robotics technologies in various fields and about an upcoming automation technology, Agricultural Robotics. The main target of this technology is on how crop production can increase but not on how to replace human driver with a computer simply.
Agricultural robotics technology helps to produce qualitative products at higher speeds and with fewer errors. Robotics helps in various fields like agriculture, medicine, mining and space researches. The major disadvantage of driverless machines for agriculture is liability. This technology can completely change cultural or emotional appeal of agriculture. This technology is fully cost-effective.
Treeboot is a popular embedded network sensing technology. The main objective of Treeboot robots is to acquire information about the environment by making use of distributed sensors. The forester robot is used for cutting up of wood, harvesting pulp and hard wood in the forests. Robots are highly used in Horticulture to maintain lawns successfully.
The main features of these robots are no fumes, no oil leaks, and no pollution and whisper quiet operation. Fruit picking robots are useful for harvesting of crops. These robots are using video image capturing technique to distinguish leaves from fruits. In the last decade, there is a significant development in Agricultural robots. Researches are still carrying out in designing these robots more efficient for better agriculture.
Agricultural Robot Applications
Agricultural robots automate slow, repetitive and dull tasks for farmers, allowing them to focus more on improving overall production yields. Some of the most common robots in agriculture are used for:
Harvesting and picking
Autonomous mowing, pruning, seeding, spraying and thinning
Sorting and packing
TYPES OF ROBOTS USED IN AGRICULTURE:
TYPES OF ROBOTS USED IN AGRICULTURE Demeter (used for harvesting). Robot for weed control. Forester robot. Robot in horticulture. Fruit picking robot. Micro-flying robot
Demeter Demeter has cameras on it that can detect the difference between the crop that has been cut and crop that hasn’t. The Demeter robot can also be driven by remote control.
Weed controller A four-wheel-drive weed-seeking robot is used to remove or destroy the weed. An intelligent hoe uses vision systems to identify the rows of crops, and steer itself accurately between them, considerably reducing the need for herbicides Weed identification is based on colour photography.
Forester robot This is a special type of robot used for cutting up of wood, tending trees, and pruning of X- mass tree and for harvesting pulp and hard wood and in the forests. A fearless mobile robot is helping scientists to monitor environmental changes in forests. The hi-tech Tarzan of the robot world, nicknamed Treebot , is the first of its kind to combine networked sensors, a web cam, and a wireless net link.
Robot in horticulture:
Robot in horticulture Robo is used in lawns to cut the grass the grass in lawns. In automatic mode, a fully charged Robo-mower can typically mow a lawn of 2500 to 3200 sq. ft., depending on the number of obstacles in its path, slopes, height of grass, humidity, etc.
Fruit picking robot:
Fruit picking robot The fruit picking robots are used to pick ripe fruit without damaging the branches or leaves of the tree. The robot can distinguish between fruit and leaves by using video image capturing. The camera is mounted on the robot arm, and the colours detected are compared with properties stored in memory.
Micro flying Robot:
Micro flying Robot Scientists from around the world are reverse-engineering the mechanics of insects as they design midget robots to scout battlefields, search for victims trapped in rubble,and record images in agricultural fields.
Advantages Time and manual power is reduced. Fewer errors and at higher speeds. used in various fields like agriculture, medicine, mining, and space research. It can be sent to another planet to study their environmental conditions. The machines could easily work around trees, rocks, ponds and other obstacles.
The robot-enhanced productivity is very high in agriculture immense and the robots are appearing on farms in various guises. The other problems associated with autonomous farm equipment are addressed with this technology. Crop production may be done better and cheaper with small machines than the larger ones. The non-farm community highly accepts the smaller machines. The jobs in agriculture includes highly repetitive decisions hence the robots can exactly substitutes human operators. The quality of the products can be highly sensed and verified by machines accurately. The quality of our lives can be improved by robots by farming many qualitative crops but this process has its own drawbacks.
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