What is arbor used In Milling – types of arbor
Milling machine is one of the important machining operations. In this operation the workpiece is fed against a rotating cylindrical tool. The rotating tool consists of multiple cutting edges (multipoint cutting tool). Normally axis of rotation of feed given to the workpiece. Milling operation is distinguished from other machining operations on the basis of orientation between the tool axis and the feed direction, however, in other operations like drilling, turning, etc. the tool is fed in the direction parallel to axis of rotation.
The cutting tool used in milling operation is called milling cutter, which consists of multiple edges called teeth. The machine tool that performs the milling operations by producing required relative motion between workpiece and tool is called milling machine. It provides the required relative motion under very controlled conditions. These conditions will be discussed later in this unit as milling speed, feed rate and depth of cut.
Arbor tool :
It holds rotating milling cutters rigidly and mounted on the spindle. Sometimes arbor is supported at maximum distance from support of overhanging arm like a cantilever, it is called stub arbor. Locking provisions are provided in the arbor assembly to ensure its reliability.
The Standard milling machine arbor has a straight, cylindrical shape, with a Standard milling taper on the driving end and a threaded portion on the opposite end to receive the arbor nut. One or more milling cutters may be placed on the straight cylindrical shaft of the arbor and held in position by means of sleeves and an arbor nut. The Standard milling machine arbor is usually splined and has keys, used to lock each cutter to the arbor shaft. Arbors are supplied in various lengths and standard diameters.
The end of the arbor opposite the taper is supported by the arbor supports of the milling machine. One or more supports are used, depending on the length of the arbor and the degree of rigidity required. The end may be supported by a lathe center, bearing against the arbor nut (figure on the previous page) or by a bearing surface of the arbor fitting inside a bushing of the arbor support. Journal bearings are placed over the arbor in place of sleeves where an intermediate arbor support is positioned.
Types Of arbor :
(1) Screw Arbor :
Screw arbors are used to hold small cutters that have threaded holes. These arbors have a taper next to the threaded portion to provide alignment and support for tools that require a nut to hold them against a tapered surface. A right-hand threaded arbor must be used for right-hand cutters; a left-hand threaded arbor is used to mount left-hand cutters.
(2) Slitting Saw Milling Cutter Arbor .
The slitting saw milling cutter arbor is a short arbor having two flanges between which the milling cutter is secured by tightening a clamping nut. This arbor is used to hold the metal slitting saw milling cutters that are used for slotting, slitting, and sawing operations.
(3) End Milling Cutter Arbor.
The end milling cutter arbor has a bore in the end in which the straight shank end milling cutters fit. The end milling cutters are locked in place by means of a setscrew.
(4) Shell End Milling Cutter Arbor
Shell end milling arbors are used to hold and drive shell end milling cutters. The shell end milling cutter is fitted over the short boss on the arbor shaft and is held against the face of the arbor by a bolt, or a retaining screw. The two lugs on the arbor fit slots in the cutter to prevent the cutter from rotating on the arbor during the machining operation. A special wrench is used to tighten and loosen a retaining screw/bolt in the end of the arbor.
(5) Fly Cutter Arbor.
The fly cutter arbor is used to support a single-edge lathe, shaper, or planer cutter bit, for boring and gear cutting operations on the milling machine. These cutters, which can be ground to any desired shape, are held in the arbor by a locknut. Fly cutter arbor shanks may have a Standard milling machine spindle taper, a Brown and Sharpe taper, or a Morse taper.
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