# Ansys Tutorials – truss Analysis using finite element analysis

ANSYS Mechanical is a finite element analysis tool for structural analysis, including linear, nonlinear and dynamic studies. This computer simulation product provides finite elements to model behavior, and supports material models and equation solvers for a wide range of mechanical design problems.

Truss is a structure capable of withstanding loads purely through axial resistance of its members. A truss may be a plane truss (in which case all its members must lie in a single plane and all loads applied must also lie in that same plane) or a space truss (in which case either all members do not lie in one plane or one or more applied loads lie outside the plane of the members or both).

TRUSSES Problem :
Problem : Consider the four bar truss shown in figure. For the given data, find Stress in each element, Reaction forces, Nodal displacement. E = 210 GPa, A = 0.1 m2.

## Solution , Steps :

1. Ansys Main Menu – Preferences-select – STRUCTURAL- h method – ok
2. Element type – Add/Edit/Delete – Add – Link – 3D Finit stn 180 – ok – close.
3. Real constants – Add – ok – real constant set no – 1 – c/s area – 0.1 – ok – close.
4. Material Properties – material models – Structural – Linear – Elastic – Isotropic – EX – 210e9– Ok – close.
5. Modeling – Create – Nodes – In Active CS – Apply (first node is created) – x,y,z location in CS– 4 (x value w.r.t first node) – apply (second node is created) – x,y,z location in CS – 4, 3 (x, y value w.r.t first node) – apply (third node is created) – 0, 3 (x, y value w.r.t first node) – ok (forth node is created).
6. Create–Elements–Elem Attributes – Material number – 1 – Real constant set number – 1 – ok
7. Auto numbered – Thru Nodes – pick 1 & 2 – apply – pick 2 & 3 – apply – pick 3 & 1 – apply pick 3 & 4 – ok (elements are created through nodes).
8. Loads – Define loads – apply – Structural – Displacement – on Nodes – pick node 1 & 4 – apply – DOFs to be constrained – All DOF – ok – on Nodes – pick node 2 – apply – DOFs to be constrained – UY – ok.
9. Loads – Define loads – apply – Structural – Force/Moment – on Nodes- pick node 2 – apply – direction of For/Mom – FX – Force/Moment value – 2000 (+ve value) – ok – Structural –
10. Force/Moment – on Nodes- pick node 3 – apply – direction of For/Mom – FY – Force/Moment value – -2500 (-ve value) – ok.
11. Solve – current LS – ok (Solution is done is displayed) – close.
12. Element table – Define table – Add –‘Results data item’ – By Sequence num – LS – LS1 – ok.
13. Plot results – contour plot –Element table – item to be plotted LS,1, avg common nodes- yes average- ok.
14. Reaction forces: List Results – reaction solution – items to be listed – All items – ok (reaction forces will be displayed with the node numbers).
15. Plot results- nodal solution-ok-DOF solution- Y component of displacement-ok.
16. Animation: PlotCtrls – Animate – Deformed shape – def+undeformed-ok.