Design and Fabrication of Two Wheeler Hybrid Vehicle

Abstract:

The traditional internal combustion engine made economic sense when oil was cheap and plentiful and the effects of burning fossil fuels and pollution were not understood. The environmental damage from internal combustion engine is compounded by the problem of air pollution. As well as carbon dioxide emissions, cars also produce dangerous chemicals such as nitrogen oxides (NOX), sulphur oxide (SOX) and carbon monoxide emissions. The problem of lost energy, as well as the need to reduce carbon emissions and dangerous pollutants, has spawned the industry to attempt to meet these challenges, whilst sticking to the traditional
petrol and diesel run engine. Indeed a lot of these technologies, whether it be turbo chargers to improve fuel efficiency, catalytic converters that can remove dangerous gases or drive train technologies that addresses problems of wasted energy.

Introduction
The invention of internal combustion engine is one of the greatest inventions of mankind. The conventional vehicles with ICE provide a good performance and long operating range. However they have caused and continue to cause serious problems for poor fuel economy, environment pollution and human life. Reducing fuel consumption and emissions is one of the most important goals of modern design. The hybridization of a convectional combustion engine vehicle with an advanced electric motor drive may greatly enhance the overall efficiency and achieve higher fuel with reduced emissions. Considering the urban status in India, a well-organized and fuel efficient scooter has to be designed and developed.

In HEV, the battery alone provides power for low-speed driving conditions. During long highways or hill climbing, the gasoline engine drives the vehicle solely. Hybrid electric vehicles comprise of an electric motor, inverter, battery as electric drive and an internal combustion engine with transmission connected as gasoline based drive. It is to achieve better fuel economy and reduce toxic emissions. The hybrid combination makes the vehicle dynamic in nature and provides its owner a better fuel economy and lesser environmental impact over conventional automobiles.

Design

Our Objective of work is to make two wheeler hybrid vehicles which will run by both gasoline and battery. The main objective of our project is to increase the mileage and reduces the pollution. We are making out a gear hybrid two wheeler which is not available in the market till today .In our HEV, the battery alone provides power for low-speed driving conditions. During long highways or hill climbing, the gasoline engine drives the vehicle solely

Design and Fabrication of Two Wheeler Hybrid Vehicle
Design and Fabrication of Two Wheeler Hybrid Vehicle

Conclusions
TWHV is a vehicle that uses two sources of power- gasoline and battery. For low power application battery drive is used whereas for high power application where power requirement is very high gasoline engine is used. Gasoline drive is most efficient at high speed drive. Thus TWHV’s both mode of operation occurs at their maximum efficiency. But in gasoline engine low speed operation is not efficient. Its high
speed mode is only efficient.
Therefore, it gives twice the mileage given by a normal vehicle. As this hybrid vehicle emits 50% less emission than normal vehicle it plays an important role for reducing pollution to certain extent without compromising with efficiency. Thus it is most efficient in urban areas mainly in high traffic where gasoline engines are least efficient as the energy from gasoline is being wasted away and creates pollution.

Download Reference : 

https://www.ijsr.net/archive/v6i3/ART20171883.pdf

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